Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.


1. In 1848, Free Soil party organized at Buffalo, N.Y., convention attended by Black abolitionists.

2. In 1929, The first Bud Billiken parade will take place in Chicago. To date It is the largest African-American Parade and the second largest parade in the United States. Always on the second Saturday in August, it began in 1929. The Bud Billiken parade started as a promotional idea through the Chicago Defender newspaper.

3. In 1936, Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal of the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games in the 4×100-meter relay. His relay team set a new world record of 39.8 seconds, which held for 20 years. In their strong showing in track-and-field events at the XIth Olympiad, Jesse Owens and other African American athletes struck a propaganda blow against Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, who planned to use the Berlin Games as a showcase of supposed Aryan superiority.

4. In 1961, James B. Parsons becomes the first black U.S. District Judge with Life Tenure.

5. In 1971, Le Roy (Satchel) Paige is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

6. In 1987, “Mean” Joe Greene inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

7. In 1987, Beatrice Foods is acquired by Reginald Lewis. It is the largest business acquisition ever by an African American.

8. In 1987, Gene Upshaw inducted into the Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

9. In 1995, World’s Indigenous Peoples Day, declared International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

10. In 1997, Abner Louima was beaten. Louima, a Black Haitian immigrant was arrested and brutally attacked by four New York City police officers. The police officers beat Louima brutally in a police cruiser on the way to the police station. Once back at the station house one of the Officer (Justin Volpe) sodomized Louima with a broken broom handle while a fellow officer held him down.

Michael Brown

In 2014, The murder of Michael Brown occurred in Ferguson, Missouri, a northern suburb of St. Louis. Brown, an  unarmed 18-year-old African-American man, was fatally shot by Darren Wilson, 28, a white Ferguson police officer and was left laying in the street for 4 1/2 hours.


1. In 1787, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized Philadelphia’s Free African Society which Du Bois called “the first wavering step of a people toward a more organized social life.”

2. In 1861, Civil War began at Fort Sumter, Charleston SC

3. In 1861, Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor.

4. In 1864,  Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tenn., and massacred the inhabitants, sparing, the official report said, neither soldier nor civilian, Black nor white, male or female.

5. In 1869,  Black students occupied administration building at Boston University in demand for Afro-American history courses and additional Black students.

6. In 1869,  North Carolina legislature passed anti-Klan Law.

7. In 1975,  Leontyne Price, opera singer, is awarded The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.

8. In 2003,  Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, the first Black female Prisoner of War, is rescued.

Freddie Gray

In 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade.  While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord.


1. In 1899, 112 Years ago Today, B. F. Jackson received Patent for Gas burner

MLK1

2. In 1968,  Tragedy at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated

3. In 1989, Colin Luther Powell Promoted to the rank of Four Star General:

4. In 2009,  Little Anthony and the Imperials are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the 24th annual ceremony. Smokey Robinson is their presenter.

Shooting_of_Walter_Scott

In 2015, Walter Scott  was murdered in North Charleston, South Carolina, following a daytime traffic stop for a brake light. Scott, a black man, was fatally shot by Michael Slager, a white North Charleston police officer. The video proved an unarmed Scott was shot in the back while fleeing. 


1. In 1926, Theodore “Georgia Deacon” Flowers wins middleweight boxing title.

2. In 1930,  “The Green Pastures” opened at mansfield Theater.

3. In 1964, The Kentucky boxer known to all as Cassius Clay, changed his name to Muhammad Ali as he accepted Islam and rejected Christianity. “I believe in the religion of Islam. I believe in Allah and in peace…I’m not a Christian anymore.”

4. In 1966,  Andrew Brimmer becomes the first African American governor of the Federal Reserve Board when he is appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson

5. In 1985,  On this day at the Grammy Awards ceremony, African-American musicians won awards in several categories. Lionel Richie’s “Can’t Slow Down” won best album of 1984. Tina Turner’s “What’s Love Got to Do With It” took the best record slot and earned her the title Best Female Pop Vocalist. The Pointer Sisters won best Pop Group for “Jump.”

trayvon martin

In 2012, Trayvon  Martin   a 17-year-old African American from Miami Gardens, Florida,  was fatally shot by George Zimmerman, a thug acting as a neighborhood watch volunteer, in Sanford, Florida. Martin had gone with his father on a visit to his father’s fiancée at her townhouse at The Retreat at Twin Lakes in Sanford.  On that evening, Martin went to a convenience store and purchased candy and a canned drink. As Martin was returning home, her was murdered my Zimmerman.

It’s Not What It Seems


http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/bank-italy-vatican-money/2013/01/04/id/470013/


What's The Word?


1. Eubie  Blake (James Hubert Blake), famed pianist  “Charleston Rag at 98 years old

2. Earl King (Earl Johnson), Rhythm and Blues Guitarist   “Things I use to do“, “Three Knocks On My Door

3. King Curtis (Curtis Ously), #1 Saxophonist of the ’60s (Soul Serenade)

4. Chris Rock, comedian-actor (CB-4), “Chris Rock says who the most racist people are

5.  Allen Bernard West, Republican U.S. Representative who represents Florida’s 22nd congressional district, serving since January 2011. He is the first African-American Republican Congressman from Florida since Josiah T. Walls left office in 1876 near the end of Reconstruction.

West served in the United States Army in Iraq and was a civilian adviser in Afghanistan. With 20 plus years of active duty service in the United States Army, he achieved the rank of  lieutenant colonel, electing to retire after an investigation of his conduct during the interrogation of a detainee in Taji, Iraq.

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1. In 1794, Absalom Jones and his followers dedicated African Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia. On August 12, 1794, the St. Thomas parishioners affiliated with the Protestant Episcopal Church.

2. In 1794, Richard Allen organized Philadelphia’s Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church.

3. In 1862, Congress approves the rights of African Americans to bear arms to fight in the Civil War and enlist in the Union Army by passing two laws, the Confiscation and Militia acts. Over 208,000 African Americans and their white officers will serve in the Union Army, with over 38,000 losing their lives.

4. In 1863, Unions troops, with First Kansas volunteers playing a leading role, route rebels at Honey Springs, Indian Territory. African American troops capture the colors of a Texas regiment.

5. In 1888, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Tunnel construction for electric railway

6. In 1888, Miriam E. Benjamin, a School Teacher, received Patent for Gong And Signal Chairs for Hotels

7. In 1944, An ammunitions depot at Port Chicago, California explodes, killing 320 men including 202 African Americans assigned by the Navy to handle explosives. The resulting refusal of 258 African Americans to return to the dangerous work formed the basis of the trial and conviction of 50 of the men in what will be come known as the Port Chicago Mutiny.

8. In 1967, Three days of riots and protests occurred in Cairo, Illinois. The incident began with a so-called jail house suicide of Pvt. Robert Hunt. He was a young Black soldier on leave in his hometown of Cairo. The alleged suicide fired up the town’s African-American community. The police said Hunt had hanged himself with his T-shirt, but Cairo’s Black residents had the evidence to challenge that story. The suspicious death touched off three days of riots and protests, followed by a seven-year renewal of civil rights activities in the city, one of the latest, and longest-sustained such struggles in the nation at that time.

9. In 1977, The Junior Black Academy of Arts and Letters, Inc. (JBAAL) was founded. It was formed by Curtis King with C. Eric Lincoln, John O. Killens, Margaret Walker Alexander, Frederick O’Neal, Jean Hutson, Romare Bearden, and Doris Saunders. Its home base was Dallas, Texas. The formation of JBAAL directly involves young and aspiring artists and scholars.

10. In 1981, Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicted Wayne B. Williams, a twenty-three-year-old photographer, for the murder of two of the twenty-eight Black youths killed in a series of slayings and disappearances in Atlanta. William denied the charges but was convicted in February, 1982.   The Murders continued after he was arrested.

Eric Garner

In 2014, Eric Garner while selling single cigarettes on the street,  was murdered  in Staten Island, New York City, after a New York City police officer put him in a chokehold for about 15 to 19 seconds while arresting him. The New York City Medical Examiner’s Office attributed Garner’s death to a combination of a chokehold, compression of his chest, and poor health. NYPD policy prohibits the use of chokeholds.

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