1. In 1804, 207 Years ago Today, Ohio legislature passed the first of a succession of Northern Black Laws which restricted the rights and movement of free Blacks in the North. Most Northern states passed Black Laws. Constitutions of three states –Illinois, Indiana, Oregon–barred Black settlers.
2. In 1875, 136 Years ago Today, On Dec 7, 1874, 50 black residents were murdered, by Jan. 5 1875 upwards of 300 blacks were killed in Vicksburg and the surrounding area as a result of whites fighting to remove black elected officials in Vicksburg. President Ulysses S. Grant sent Federal troops to Vicksburg to quell the violence.
3. In 1911, 100 Years ago Today, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity was founded at Indiana University by Elder Watson Diggs; John Milton Lee; Byron K. Armstrong; Guy Levis Grant; Ezra D. Alexander; Henry T. Asher; Marcus P. Blakemore; Paul W. Caine; Edward G. Irvin and George W. Edmonds.
4. In 1943, 68 Years ago Today, George Washington Carver Day in honor of the brilliant agricultural chemist who died on this day in 1943. Nicknamed “the Peanut Man” and the “Wizard of Tuskegee,” Carver headed the agricultural department of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and was one of the most prominent scientist of his day. He was renowned for finding new uses for everyday items. Carver’s research in improved farming techniques helped to revolutionize farming in America. He once wrote, “I wanted to know the name of every stone and flower and insect and bird and beast.”
5. In 1943, 68 Years ago Today, William H. Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigned to protest segregation and discrimination in armed forces.