1. In 1820, The first organized emigration back to Africa begins when 86 free African Americans leave New York Harbor aboard the Mayflower of Liberia. They are bound for the British colony of Sierra Leone, which welcomes free African Americans as well as fugitive slaves.
2. In 1820, United States population: 9,638,453. Black population: 1,771,656 (18.4 per cent). “Mayflower of Liberia” sailed from New York City with eighty-six Blacks. Ship arrived in Sierra Leone, March 9.
3. In 1867, The Peabody Fund for Black education in the South established.
4. In 1870, On this day, Jonathan Jasper Wright was elected to the South Carolina Supreme Court.
5. In 1872, T. J. Byrd received Patent for Improvement in Holders for Reins for Horses
6. In 1961, Jail-in movement started in Rock Hill, S.C., when students refused to pay fines and requested jail sentences. Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee urged south-wide “Jail, No Bail” campaign.
7. In 1965, “Hurt So Bad,” by Little Anthony and the Imperials, enters Billboard’s singles chart. It will become the group’s second straight Top Ten hit, peaking at #6 (pop) and #4 (R&B).
8. In 1972, Robert Lewis Douglas founder and coach of the Rens, is inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
9. In 1973, G. B. Al. Prather Received Patent for Man Powered glider aircraft