Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.

Archive for May, 2011

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 31st


1.   Patricia Roberts Harris, lawyer, political activist, and educator, served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, andUnited States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (which office later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services) in the administration of President Jimmy Carter. She was the first African American woman to serve as a United StatesAmbassador, representing the U.S. in Luxembourg under President Lyndon B. Johnson, and the first to enter the line of succession to the Presidency.


2.  Shirley Verrett, operatic mezzo-soprano who successfully transitioned into soprano roles i.e. soprano sfogato. Verrett enjoyed great fame from the late 1960s through the 1990s, particularly well-known for singing the works of Verdi and Donizetti.

3.   Al Young, poet, novelist, essayist, screenwriter, and professor. On May 15, 2005 he was named Poet Laureate of Californiaby Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. In appointing Young as Poet Laureate, the Governor praised him: “He is an educator and a man with a passion for the Arts. His remarkable talent and sense of mission to bring poetry into the lives of Californians is an inspiration.” Muriel Johnson, Director of the California Arts Council declared: “Like jazz, Al Young is an original American voice.” Young’s many books include novels, collections of poetry, essays, and memoirs. His work has appeared in literary journals and magazines including Paris Review,Ploughshares,[2] Essence, The New York Times, Chicago Review,[3] Seattle Review, Brilliant Corners: A Journal of Jazz & Literature, Chelsea, Rolling Stone, Gathering of the Tribes,and in anthologies including the Norton Anthology of African American Literature, and the Oxford Anthology of African American Literature.

4.  Margaret Sloan-Hunter, was a feminist, and civil rights advocate, and one of the founding editors of Ms. Magazine.

When she was 14, she joined the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a group that worked on poverty and urban issues on behalf of the African-American community in Chicago. At age 17, she founded the Junior Catholic Inter-Racial Council, a mix of suburban and inner-city students who talked about and worked on racial problems. In 1966, Sloan-Hunter worked with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and in the Open Housing Marches.

In 1973, she founded the National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO), which tackled some of the same race and feminist issues. In 1975, she and her daughter moved to Oakland, California, where they established the Women’s Foundation.   Sloan-Hunter also helped organize the Berkeley Women’s Center and the Feminist School for Girls.

Sloan-Hunter published a book of poetry called Black & Lavender in 1995.

5. DMC (Daryl McDanials), Rapp Artist, musician. He is one of the pioneers of hip hop culture and founding members of the hip hop group Run-D.M.C.


6.  Kenny Lofton, former Major League Baseball outfielder. He batted and threw left-handed. During his career he played for the Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians, Atlanta Braves, Chicago White Sox, San Francisco Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs, New York Yankees, Philadelphia Phillies, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Texas Rangers.

 

 

Events In African American History For May 31st


1. In 1870 Congress passed the first Enforcement Act which provided stiff penalties for public officials and private citizens who deprived citizens of the suffrage and civil rights. The measure authorized the use of the U.S. Army to protect the rights of Blacks.

2. In 1881 Booker T. Washington was recommended by General Armstrong for the principalship of the newly planned Tuskegee Institute.

3. In 1909 Some three hundred Blacks and whites met at the United Charities Building in New York City at the first NAACP conference, May 31 and June 1.

4. In 1921, Greenwood, a black town out from Tulsa, Ok. burned to the ground.  The Greenwood section of Tulsa was home to a commercial district so prosperous it was known as “the Negro Wall Street” (now commonly referred to as “the Black Wall Street”). Ironically, the economic enclaves here and elsewhere — bounded and supported by racial separation — supported prosperity and capital formation within the community. In the surrounding areas of northeastern Oklahoma, blacks also enjoyed relative prosperity and participated in the oil boom.

At around 1 a.m., the white mob began setting fires, mainly to businesses on commercial Archer Street at the edge of the Greenwood district. As crews from the Tulsa Fire Department arrived to put out fires, they were turned away at gunpoint. By 4 a.m., an estimated two-dozen black-owned businesses had been set ablaze.

The Tulsa race riot was a large-scale racially motivated conflict brought about by whites on the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma, including aerial attack, the first attack by air in America, and one of many terrorist attacks, beginning May 31, 1921. During the 16 hours of the assault, over 800 people were admitted to local hospitals with injuries,more than 6000 Greenwood residents were arrested and detained in a prison camp, an estimated 10,000 were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire caused by (improvised explosive devices) bombing.

Due to a City imposed embargo of material and permits Greenwood was not able to rebuild.

5. In 1955 Supreme Court ordered school integration “with all deliberate speed.”

6. In 1961 Six years to the date of the 1955 Supreme court Ruling, Judge Irving Kaufman ordered the  Board of Education of New Rochelle, N.Y., to integrate schools.

7. In 1979 Zimbabwe proclaimed independent.

Collard Greens (So That You Know)


Collard greens are various loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), the same species that produces cabbage and broccoli. The plant is grown for its large, dark-colored, edible leaves and as a garden ornamental, mainly in Brazil, Portugal, the SouthernUnited States, many parts of Africa, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, southern Croatia, Spain and in Kashmir. They are classified in the same cultivar group as kale and spring greens, to which they are closely similar genetically. The name collard is a shortened form of the word colewort (“cabbage plant”).

So when a product claims to have the active ingredient “colewort”, you know it’s really collard greens.

The plant is also called couve in Brazil, couve-galega in Portugal, “kovi” or “kobi” in Cape Verde, berza in Spanish-speaking countries,Raštika in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and Raštan in Montenegro. In Kashmir it is called haak. In Congo, Tanzania and Kenya(East Africa) the plant is called Sukuma wiki.

Widely considered to be a healthy food, collards are good sources of vitamin C and soluble fiber and contain multiple nutrients with potent anti-cancer properties, such as diindolylmethane and sulforaphane.  Roughly a quarter pound  of cooked collards contains 46 calories.

Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley have recently discovered that 3,3′-Diindolylmethane in Brassica vegetables such as collard greens is a potent modulator of the innate immune response system with potent anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activity.

You Better Hurrup and eat them Collard Greens and don’t forget the vinegar,  it helps with the indigestion you are going to get from eating to much of the other good food.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans for May 30th


1.  James Walker Hood,  In North Carolina Hood found his major area of service. In early 1864, against the opposition of white Northern Methodists, he persuaded the black Southern Methodist congregations in New Bern and Beaufort to affiliate with the A.M.E. Zion church. When the Northern Methodists contested his conversion of these congregations to Zion, Hood was forced to appeal to the secretary of war for a ruling that permitted the blacks to align with whichever church they desired. In late 1864 he helped to found the North Carolina Conference, and over the years he aided in the establishment of numerous churches within its bounds. Hood was a pastor for three years in New Bern, two years in Fayetteville, and over three years in Charlotte. After becoming a bishop in 1872, he resided in Fayetteville until his death.

Hood became active in North Carolina politics on behalf of his people. In the fall of 1865 he presided over the first statewide political convention of blacks, which met to demand civil and political rights. In 1868 he participated in the state constitutional convention and contributed greatly to placing strong homestead and public school provisions in the constitution. From 1868 to 1871 Hood served as assistant state superintendent of public instruction, with the major duty of founding and supervising schools for blacks. Although hampered by white hostility and the lack of black teachers, he increased attendance to 49,000 students in 1871. Hood remained active in the Republican party, serving as a delegate to the national convention in 1872 and as temporary chairman of the state convention in 1876. He also served briefly as a magistrate and a deputy collector of customs and from 1868 to 1871, without pay, as assistant superintendent of the Freedman’s Bureau in North Carolina.

2. Stepin Fetchit, was the stage name of comedian and film actor Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry.  Perry parlayed the Fetchit persona into a successful film career, eventually becoming a millionaire, the first black actor in history to do so. He was also the first black actor to receive a screen credit.

Perry’s typical film persona and stage name have long been controversial, and seen as illustrative of negative stereotypes of African-Americans. However, a newer interpretation of his film persona contends Perry was ultimately subversive of the status quo.

3. Countee Cullen, One of the leading poets of his time and one of the lights of the Harlem Renaissance.

4. Ralph Metcalfe,  athlete and politician who came second to Jesse Owens in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Metcalfe jointly held the world record for the 100 meter sprint. Metcalfe was known as the world’s fastest human from 1932 through 1934. He later went into politics and served in the United States Congress.

In 1949, Metcalfe won election as an alderman representing the South Side of Chicago, Illinois. He was a Democrat representing Illinois’ 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1971 until his death in 1978 at age sixty-eight. He was a co-founder of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC).

In 1975, Metcalfe was inducted into the United States Track and Field Hall of Fame (USATF) and named a member of the President’sCommission on Olympic Sports.

5. Clora Bryant, is a jazz “Trumpetiste”.  She started in music as a singer in her Baptist church, but took up the trumpet after her brother, Frederick Bryant, left it when he went to the Army in 1941.  She studied improvisation using a wire recorder to record her own soloing along with jazz records, and studying the results. She became adept at a variety of genres, from jazz to classical, and performing versions of famous jazz solos of the day. In addition, she honed her own unique improvisational skills in jam sessions along Central Avenue in Los Angeles, the center of the mid-forties West Coast African American jazz scene.

Clora Bryant performed in high school bands, and in the early 1940s toured Texas with an all-female band, the Prairie View Co-Eds. The Prairie View Co-Eds went to New York in 1944 for a successful gig at the Apollo Theater, where Clora Bryant scored a hit with the song “I had the craziest dream” on with her version of a solo by trumpeter Harry James.

Clora Bryant also spent a week at the Million Dollar Theatre in Downtown Los Angeles with the legendary all-female orchestra International Sweethearts of Rhythm, and in 1948 she toured with the all-female, all Black Queens of Swing. In 1948 Clora married, Joe Stone, who was a Bassist, who played with a lot of R&B Bands, and they started a family, and Clora continue to perform while pregnant and as a young mother. Later she attended UCLA where she became influenced by bebop and gained the attention of Dizzy Gillespie.[1] She was the only female musician to perform with Charlie Parker, at the Lighthouse Cafe in Hermosa Beach, California. Later she toured with singers Billy Daniels and Billy Williams.

Her album Gal with a Horn was released in 1957 and in the mid-1960s she briefly did duo work with her brother, who was a vocalist. She took time off to raise her four children.

She also appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and later became the first American female jazz musician to play in the Soviet Union on a request from Mikhail Gorbachev.  Unable to play the trumpet after a stroke, She still sings and lectures on jazz.


6. Gale Sayers, also known as “The Kansas Comet”, is a former professional football player in the National Football League who spent his entire career with the Chicago Bears. Sayers is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame.

7. James Chaney, civil rights activist, one of three American civil rights workers who were murdered duringFreedom Summer by members of the Ku Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi. The others were Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner.


8. Ralph Carter, actor, and singer, best known for his work as a child and teenager, both in the Broadway musical Raisin (based on the Lorraine Hansberry drama A Raisin in the Sun) and as the character Michael Evans, the youngest member of the Evans family, on the 1970s sitcom Good Times.

9. Thomas DeCarlo Callaway,  better known by his stage name Cee Lo Green or simply Cee Lo, is a singer-songwriter, rapper and record producer. He originally came to prominence as a member of the southern hip-hop group Goodie Mob, later launching a critically acclaimed solo career and forming Gnarls Barkley with DJ/producer Danger Mouse.

Internationally, Green is best known for his work within the hip hop duo Gnarls Barkley and their worldwide hit “Crazy” (2006), which reached number one in various singles charts worldwide including the United Kingdom. In the United States, “Crazy” reached number two on theBillboard Hot 100. The parenting album, St. Elsewhere was also a hit, reaching number one on the UK Album Charts and charting at number four on the US Billboard 200 album charts. The duo’s second album, internationally less successful, The Odd Couple (2008) missed the top ten in both the UK and US, where it charted at number twelve in the US, and eighteen in the UK.

Green, taking a break from recording with Gnarls Barkley, released the single, “Fuck You!” on August 19, 2010 as a solo recording artist, and was an instant hit, reaching the top spot in the UK and the Netherlands and charted at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100. The parent album, The Lady Killer (2010) saw similar success, peaking within the top five of the UK Album Charts and debuting within the top ten on the Billboard 200 album charts, and received a Gold certification from the BPI in the UK shortly after its release. The second single, “It’s OK” was a hit in Europe, and the third single, “Bright Lights, Bigger City” has also seen similar charting success.

Events In African American History For May 30th


In 1822, House slave betrayed Denmark Vesey conspiracy. Vesey conspiracy, one of the most elaborate slave plots on record, involved thousands of Blacks in Charleston, S.C., and vicinity. Thirty-seven Blacks were hanged.

In 1854, Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise and opened Northern territory to slavery.

In 1899, G. Cook received Patent for Automatic Fishing Device

In 1956, Bus boycott began in Tallahassee, Florida.

In 1965, First Black student, Vivian Malone, graduated from the University of Alabama.

In 1971, Willie Mays scores his 1,950th run

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 29th


1.  Henry McBay, scientist and educator Henry Ransom Cecil McBay was born May 29, 1914, in Mexia, Texas. He earned a bachelor of science degree from Wiley College in 1934, a master of science degree from Atlanta University in 1936, and a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1945. He was an instructor of chemistry at Wiley College and an instructor at Western University in Kansas City. In 1944 and 1945, he won the Elizabeth Norton Prize at the University of Chicago for outstanding research in chemistry.
One of McBay’s main goals was to pass along his love for chemistry to his students. He regularly demonstrated how two materials could be combined to produce something with completely different properties. One of his frequent demonstrations combined a metallic poison, sodium, with a gaseous poison, chlorine, to produce table salt. He wanted his students to share his fascination with such processes, which he believed to be minor miracles.

In 1951, he developed a chemistry education program in Liberia on behalf of the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

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2.  Douglas C. Watson, Aeronautical engineer, helped to develop the F-105 and F-84 jet fighters.

3.   La Toya Jackson, Of the famed Jackson Family

4. Eric Davis, former center fielder for several Major League Baseball teams. Davis was 21 years old when he broke into the big leagues on May 19, 1984, with the Cincinnati Reds, the team for which he is most remembered. Davis actually began his professional career as a shortstop, but played the outfield in the majors. He currently works in the Reds front office.

5.   Aaron McGruder, Cartoonist and social commentator through media.  Best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African American brothers from inner-city Chicago now living with their grandfather in a sedatesuburb, as well as being the creator and executive producer of The Boondocks television series based on his strip. Through the exceptionally intelligent Huey (named after Huey P. Newton) and his younger brother and wannabe gangsta Riley, the strip explores issues involvingAfrican American culture and American politics.

Events In African American History For May 29th


In 1851, Sojourner Truth delivers her infamous “Ain’t I A Woman?” speech to the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention.

In 1865, President Andrew Johnson announced his program of Reconstruction. It required ratification of the 13th amendmant, but did not guarantee black suffrage.

In 1888, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Overhead conducting system for electric railway

In 1962, The first Black American coached in major league baseball. John “Buck” O’Neil started managing the Chicago Cubs, He stayed with the Cubs until 1988, signing Hall of Fame players Ernie Banks and Lou Brock to their first contracts.

In 1973, Tom Bradley became the first African-American mayor of Los Angeles, CA. He defeated incumbent Sam Yorty, and thus also became the first Black mayor of major city, which was predominantly White.

In 1980, Vernon E. Jordan Jr., President of the National Urban League, critically injured in attempted assassination in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

 

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