1. In 1871, L. Bell received Patent for Locomotive smoke stack
2. In 1900, Civil War hero, Sergeant William H. Carney of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry, becomes the first African American Congressional Medal of Honor winner. He will be cited almost 37 years after the Battle of Fort Wagner, where he carried the colors and led the charge after the original standard-bearer was shot.
3. In 1921, Shuffle Along, first of a succession of popular musicals featuring Black talent, opened at the 63rd Street Music Hall, New York City. The musical is written by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake and features Florence Mills and a young Josephine Baker in the chorus. William Grant Still and Hall Johnson play in the orchestra.
4. In 1941, Joe Louis defends his heavyweight boxing title for the 17th successful time, as Buddy Baer is disqualified at the beginning of the seventh round. Baer’s manager refused to leave the ring when the round was ready to begin.
5. In 1952, Wendell Oliver Scott broke the color barrier in Nascar, but not the racial prejudice with NASCAR officials.