1. In 1871, Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Mississippi. Many whites, including doctors, lawyers, ministers and college professors, were arrested and jailed in the anti-Klan campaign. Of the 930 indicted in Mississippi, 243 were tried and found guilty. Some 1180 were indicted in South Carolina and 1849 were indicted in North Carolina.
2. In 1893, T. W. Stewart Received Patent for Station Indicator
3. In 1899, W. Johnson received Patent for Velocipede
4. In 1911, The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) is incorporated in New York City. It had been founded on February 12, 1909.
5. In 1926, Mordecai W. Johnson becomes the first African American president of Howard University
6. In 1929, “Hot Chocolates” premieres at the Hudson Theatre in New York City. With music by Fats Waller and lyrics by Andy Razaf, the musical will introduce the songs “Ain’t Misbehaving” and “Black and Blue”.
7. In 1936, Jesse Owens of the U.S. sets the 100 meter record at 10.2 seconds.
8. In 1943, National Congress of Racial Equality organized.
9. In 1943, Whites began a riot in Detroit after it was rumored a black man had killed a white woman and her infant. A similar rumor, alleging the victims were white and the perpetrator white, soon found its way into the black community. In truth, no one had been killed. An estimated 25 blacks and 9 whites died in the riots.
10. In 1960, Floyd Patterson wins back the world heavyweight title by knocking out Ingemar Johanson of Sweden in round five of a title bout at the Polo Grounds in New York City.
11. In 1960, Harry Belafonte wins an Emmy for his variety special “Tonight with Harry Belafonte”. It is the first Emmy awarded to an African American.
12. In 1967, Muhammad Ali is convicted in Houston, Texas, in federal court for violating the Selective Service Act by refusing induction into the armed services. He is fined $10,000 and sentenced to five years in prison. Ali, an opponent of the Vietnam War, had refused to report for service on grounds that he was a Muslim minister. The U.S. Supreme Court will later overturn his conviction.
13. In 1969, 150,000 people attend the Newport Jazz Festival. Jimi Hendrix gets $125,000 to appear on the program. This is the largest paycheck for a single concert appearance at the time.
14. In 1987, Whitney Houston’s album, “Whitney”, debuts on “Billboard” magazine’s album charts at number one. Houston becomes the first female to have a LP debut at the top.