1. In 1863, The Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Colored Regiment launched its assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina. Sgt. William H. Carney won Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery in the charge and became the first Black soldier to receive the coveted award. Carney was wounded a number of times during the charge on Fort Wagner, S.C., while rescuing the Union Flag. Although cited for bravery, it will take 37 years for Carney to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions.
2. In 1899, Leonard C. Bailey received Patent for Folding bed, patent # 620,286
3. In 1899, C. J. Dorticus received Patent for Hose leak stop
4. In 1905, Granville T. Woods patents railway brakes.
5. In 1908, The Frogs Club was organized in New York by a group of Black American men who were theatrical professionals. It was founded by Bert Williams, George Walker, and Sam Calker. The group was named after the characters in Aristophane’s play and Aesop’s fable.
6. In 1959, William Wright becomes the first African American to win a a USGA title, the U.S. Amateur Public Links Championship. He is 23 and a senior at Western Washington University.
7. In 1964, Racially motivated disturbances occur in Harlem in New York City. The civil unrest will last until July 22 and will spread into the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn.
8. In 1970, Willie Mays gets his 3,000th base hit.
9. In 1974, A 12-year-old African American Boy Scout was denied a senior patrol leadership in his troop because he was Black. Don L. Cope, then the Black ombudsman for the state of Utah, brought the issue of the Mormon doctrine of discrimination against Blacks in the Boy Scouts to the NAACP. The Boy Scouts of America did not discriminate because of race, but Mormon-sponsored troops did have a policy of racial discrimination. At the time, Mormon “troop policy was that in order for a scout to become a patrol leader, he must be a deacon’s quorum president in the LDS Church. Since the boy cannot hold the priesthood, he cannot become a patrol leader.”
10. In 1998, The “Spirit of Freedom Memorial” and “Theme Park” is unveiled in Washington, DC to honor the U. S. Colored Troops, who fought in the U.S. Civil War.