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Archive for the ‘African American First’ Category

Events In African American History For November 08


1. In 1892,  More Awful Lychings, One hundred and sixty one Blacks reported lynched.

2. In 1898,   The Riot of 1898, in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington’s most respected and influential citizens, destroyed the state’s only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirm nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes…

3. In 1932,  Spingarn Medal awarded to Robert R. Moton, president of Tuskegee Institute, for his “thoughtful leadership in conservative opinion and action.”

4. In 1938,  Crystal Bird Fauset becomes the 1st black woman elected to a state legislature in the U.S. acquiring this distinction by being named to the Pennsylvania House of Represenatives.

5. In 1960,   Otis M. Smith elected auditor general of Michigan and became the first Black chosen in a statewide election since the Reconstruction period.

6. In 1966,  Edward W. Brooke elected first Black US Senator in 85 years. (Since Reconstruction)

7. In 1966,  John H. Johnson, publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, awarded Spingarn Medal “for his productive imagination…in the perilous field of publishing” and “for his contributions to the enhancement of the Negro’s self-image through his publications.”

8. In 1966,  John Perry Jr. & H. F. Hunger Received Patent for Biochem fuel cell

Events In African American History For November 07


1. In 1775, Lord Dunmore, deposed royal governor of Virginia, issued proclamation which promised freedom to male slaves who joined the British army.

2. In 1876, Edward A. Bouchet received the Ph.D. degree in physics at Yale University and became the first Black to receive a doctorate at an American University.

3. In 1876, Edward Bannister, the first Black artist to win wide critical acclaim, awarded prize at Philadelphia Centennial Exposition for his work, Under the Oak.

4. In 1876, The disputed presidential election which changed the course of black history occurs. The dispute led to the Hayes-Tilden Compromise. In order to be declared president Republican Rutherford B. Hayes reached an agreement with southern Democrats which had the effect of ending much of Reconstruction and the protection of black rights. The Jim Crow era began with “black codes” and other measures which severely limited black rights. Many of these rights were not restored until the 1960’s.

5. In 1909, Knights and Ladies of St. Peter Claver organized in Mobile, Alabama, by four Posephite priests and three Catholic laymen.

6. In 1934,  Arthur L. Mitchell defeated Oscar DePriest in a Chicago election and became the first Black Democratic congressman.

7. In 1955, Supreme Court in Baltimore case banned segregation in public recreational facilities.

8. In 1963,  Elston Howard, New York Yankees Star catcher, became the first Black to win the American League Most Valuable Player Award.

9. In 1964, Little Anthony and the Imperials’ “Goin’ Out of My Head,” a vocal-group soul classic, enters the Billboard chart, where it will peak in the Top Ten.

10. In 1967,  Carl B. Stokes is elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.

11. In 1967,  Richard Hatcher was elected the first Black mayor of Gary, IN.

12. In 1989,  Lawrence Douglas Wilder became first Black Governor in the US (Virginia).

13. In 1991, Rock legend Jimi Hendrix was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

14. In 2007,  Michael Nutter, Elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is Philadelphia’s third African American mayor.

Events In African American History For November 05


1. In 1836, Theo Wright becomes first Black to obtain Theology Degree in US.

2. In 1867, The first Reconstruction Constitutional Convention takes place in Montgomery, Ala. In attendance were 90 whites and 18 blacks. Reconstruction would bring forth a period of tremendous political and educational advancement for ex-slaves after the Civil War. But Reconstruction was significantly undermined by the Hayes-Tilden Compromise of 1877 and the beginning of the anti-black Jim Crow period.

3. In 1926, Negro History Week is started by black historian Carter G. Woodson. It would later grow into the current Black History Month which takes place each February in the United States. In England Black History Month takes place in October. Woodson (1875 – 1950) is recognized as the “Father of Black History Month.”

4. In 1956, The Nat King Cole Show, the first black-hosted network television variety show, debuts. The show began with just 15 minutes and later expanded to half-an-hour but was pulled in 1957 for lack of advertiser support. 

5. In 1968, Louis Stokes is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

6. In 1968, Shirley Chisholm becomes the first black woman elected to the U.S.

7. In 1974, Walter Washington becomes the first elected mayor of Washington, D.C. as the predominantly black city gains limited voting rights.Congress.

8. In 1974, George Brown became first Black Lt. Governor in US (Colorado).

9. In 1989, Civil Rights Memorial dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama.

Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery

  • The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who died during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v. Board decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial serves as a vehicle for education and reflection about the struggle for equality.

Events In African American History For October 26


1. In 1749,  The British parliament legalizes slavery in the American colony that would become known as Georgia.  Even though U.S. independence from Britian was in 1776, slavery continued until 1863, which was the results of a civil war in which rebels were putting their life on the line and willing to die to preserve slavery.

2. In 1872, Inventor Thomas J. Martin patents the fire extinguisher.

3. In 1868, B. F. Randolph, a prominent black politician in South Carolina after the Civil War, is assassinated.

4. In 1897,  C. V. Richey received Patent for Railroad switch

5. In 1994, Beverly Harvard was appointed Atlanta’s chief of police on this day, The First Black Woman to run an major Police Dept.

6. In 2005,  Ken Williams, general manager of Chicago White Sox when they won World Series in a four games sweep against houston astros (last win 1917).

Events In African American History For October 25


1. In 1892, 118 Years ago Today, L. F. Brown received Patent for Bridle bit Patent No. 484,994.

2. In 1940, 70 Years ago Today, Benjamin O. Davis Sr became the first Black general in US Army.

3. In 1940, Black newspaper owner’s group, the NNPA (Negro Newspaper Publishers Association), is founded.The group later changed its name to the National Newspaper Publishers Association.

4. In 1958, An estimated 10,000 students led by Jackie Robinson, Harry Belafonte, and labor leader A. Phillip Randolph, participate in a youth march for integrated schools in Washington, D.C.

5. In 1976, A  full pardon is granted to Clarence “Willie” Norris, the last known survivor of the nine “Scottsboro Boys.” The group of black men had been framed in a 1931 conviction for allegedly raping two white women.

6. In 1990, Evander Holyfield knocks out James “Buster” Douglas in the third round to become the undisputed world heavyweight champion.

7. In 1992, 18 Years ago Today, Cito Gaston, as manager of the Toronto Blue Jays, became the first Black Manager to lead a Major League Baseball team to win a world series title, defeating the Atlanta Braves.

8. in 1994  Susan Smith (a white woman) set off a nationwide man hunt when she claimed that a Black Man had car jacked her and kidnapped her two young children.  It was later revealed that she had murdered her two boys by buckling them in her car and driving them into a lake.

9. In 1997, 13 Years ago Today, The Million Woman March in Philadelphia at the Museum Of Art included Winnie Mandela and Maxine Waters as Keynote Speakers.

Events In African American History For October 24


1. In 1892, In New Orleans, 25,000 Black workers strike, 1892

2. In 1923, Department of Labor said some 500,000 Blacks had left the South in the preceding twelve months.

3. In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia. American Blacks held mass meetings of protest and raised funds for the Ethiopian defenders.

4. In 1935, The first Black-authored play to become a long-run Broadway hit, Langston Hughes’ “Mulatto” opens, 1935

5. In 1964, Zambia gained its independence from france.

6. In 1994, Dorothy Porter Wesley was presented the Charles Frankel Award from the National Endowment for the Humanities by President William Jefferson Clinton.

Events In African American History For October 22


1. In 1906,  Three thousand Blacks demonstrated and rioted in Philadelphia to protest a theatrical presentation of Thomas Dixon’s The Clansman. Sixty-two Blacks reported lynched in 1906.

2. In 1940,  P.L. Julian et al. received Patent for Recovery of Sterols

3. In 1950, Charles Cooper joins the NBA and becomes one of the first Blacks to play in an NBA game.

4. In 1950,   Nat Clifton joins the NBA and becomes one of the first Blacks to play in an NBA game.

5. In 1953,  Neurological Surgeon Clarence S. Green becomes the first African-American certified in neurological surgery.

6. In 1955,  The first black post office open, Atlanta GA.

7. In 1963,  Some 225,000 students boycotted Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest of de facto segregation.

8. In 2009, President Obama Signs Veterans Health Care Budget Reform and Transparency Act

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